22nd Annual Green Chemistry & Engineering Conference
June 18-20, 2018
Product innovation using greener chemistries
Associate Professor, Textiles Technology Group Leader, Head of Sustainable Materials Research Group
University of Leeds
and Co-Founder of Keracol Limited
Assistant Department Head and Senior Instructor, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
University of Oregon
Accelerating Development of Sustainable Products and Processes through Start-Ups and SMEs
Session Organizers: Paul Thornton, Technology Development Manager, GreenCentre Canada; Laura Reyes, Career Development Leader, Chemical Institute of Canada
Entrepreneurship in chemistry offers the opportunity to bring new sustainable products and processes to the marketplace. Start-up companies and small and medium enterprises (SMEs) have some advantages over larger corporations when it comes to creating and marketing a product or technology (e.g. greater agility in a rapidly changing market, narrower focus on a single product or market, etc.). However, entrepreneurship also presents many diverse challenges and risks to stakeholders.
This symposium, through a mix of invited and contributed talks as well as an interactive component, aims to discuss the various stages of commercialization for green chemistry technologies. Entrepreneurial leaders and stakeholders of chemistry-based start-ups and SMEs will provide their perspectives on the challenges, opportunities, and rewards that arise in advancing sustainable chemistry products and processes. Speakers will come from diverse backgrounds contributing to entrepreneurship and commercialization, such as company founders, intellectual property lawyers and patent specialists, and venture capitalists and funding experts.
Abstract submissions are encouraged from anyone involved in the commercialization of chemistry, academics and business professionals alike. Topics covered by talks may include but are not limited to:
- Technical challenges and solutions (performance validation, product testing, process scale-up, manufacturing)
- Funding (securing investment, leveraging grants)
- Team and leadership (business leadership and advisors, non-technical skills required, collaborations and partnerships)
- Intellectual property (protecting technologies with patents or trade secrets)
- Value proposition, marketing, and pivoting (market validation, disruptive vs incremental technologies, risk mitigation, changes in company vision, marketing of “green” products)
- Path to market and exit strategies (preparing a commercial launch, company vision and potential growth)
The interactive component of this symposium will build on the invited and submitted talks, leveraging expertise of speakers and conference participants, leading to an exchange of ideas and approaches that will highlight what resources and solutions are available to the entrepreneur with a sustainable technology who aims to succeed in the rapidly changing chemical enterprise.
Achieving Sustainable Products Through Molecular Design with Reduced Toxicity
Session Organizers: Karolina Mellor, Yale University; Phillip Coish, Yale University
In the recent years, chemical safety related to chemical products has become a topic of concern for scientists, business leaders and public sphere. In response, there has been a significant effort to identify biological mechanisms that can lead to adverse outcomes to human and environmental health and to develop guidelines and models for chemical designers to allow them to develop products which are functional but do not pose a threat to human and environment. Advancements in the design and development of safer chemicals and products can only come through interdisciplinary effort by chemists, engineers and toxicologists. Despite ongoing efforts to cross-pollinate the these fields, significant further progress is necessary. This session aims to facilitate cross-pollination by engaging leading experts from industry, academia and government in mechanistic and predictive toxicology, as well as molecular design for safety. The experts will engage chemists and engineers at the conference by translating their contributions into tangible and practical knowledge that can be applied to designing new products and evaluating existing ones. The session will facilitate interaction through a panel discussion, short presentations and interactive discussions of best practices in research and industry.
Bidirectional Communication in the Electronics Supply Chain to Drive Green Chemistry
Session Organizers: Michael Kirschner, President, Design Chain Associates, LLC; Leo Kenny, President, PLANET SINGULAR
The products of the electronics industry are rarely developed with the application of green chemistry principles, but the amount of chemistry that goes into a given product is, of course, enormous. While the vast majority of chemical innovation occurs far upstream of the brand of the product on the shelf, the demand and enforcement of green chemistry ideals in the form of product material content requirements occurs at the finished good level. The awareness of chemical substances actually used in their product – and available options –at the brand level is generally quite limited. The general lack of chemistry and chemical engineering expertise in the downstream electronics industry means finished goods manufacturers and brand owners are simply unprepared to know when and where green chemistry can and should be driven back upstream. Only the largest manufacturers have resources (often quite limited) to address these issues, while everyone else simply ignores them due to lack of resources and expertise.
Given the severe challenges and impacts in many lifecycle stages including manufacturing, use and end-of-life, as well as the opportunities presented, existing systems and approaches to improve awareness are clearly inadequate to address these issues. In this symposium we will explore the value of strategies and tools that can enable more effective decision making about materials selection choices across the technology life cycle. These include technology roadmap planning, systems engineering, standards development, business processes and proactive approaches (such as “Design for Environment”, or DfE). The value to manufacturers, will be to get the information they need as well as examples of how they can use that information to drive the application of green chemistry to improve the environmental and human-health performance of their products during all phases of the product lifecycle. Moreover, with a proactive, holistic strategy across the lifecycle we can also apply alternative assessment to enable a “greener” selection of materials replacements when needed.
Our goal is to start by focusing on how to get the information needed by the brand owners from their upstream suppliers so they can begin the process of identifying opportunities and prioritizing them. We will present examples of how this works in real life, as well as areas for improvement, including related Grand Challenges to the electronics industry. We will further demonstrate how to think about green chemistry in the supply chain and how and why to bring it into downstream manufacturing companies.
Manufacturers in or along the supply chain of the electronics industry (especially in the semiconductor industry, where materials and equipment design and selection have greater impact downstream), are welcome to submit abstracts. Particular preference will be given to compelling success or failure stories in any of these areas, especially examples where green chemistry concepts have been implemented in manufacturing process or product content.
Biobased Chemicals: Beyond Drop-In Replacements (Invited Presenters Only)
Session Organizers: Nicole Fitzgerald, Technology Manager, Bioenergy Technologies Office, U.S. Department of Energy; Jeffrey Cafmeyer, Senior Research Scientist, Battelle
For biobased chemicals to successfully move beyond the drop-in replacement model, discovery and utilization of the inherent properties of biomass is necessary. For the most effective implementation, a new understanding or expanded set of structure-property relationships representing these complex structures would be desirable to predict and tailor properties. In practicality, however, discovery of a unique feature or slight property improvement may be all that is necessary to provide a compelling differentiation from an incumbent product. Researchers, both academic and industrial, wrestle with the challenges to identify these features and commercialize novel biobased chemicals. This symposium will focus on the challenge of identifying novel, biobased chemicals from multiple perspectives, including academic, national lab, and industrial researchers.
Bioenzymatic approaches to solve activity and selectivity challenges in process development (Invited Presenters Only)
Session Organizer: David Entwistle,Head of Process Chemistry, Codexis, Inc.
This symposium session focusses on how biocatalysts have been discovered, developed and applied to solve synthetic issues in a sustainable manner.
Charting the Course to Sustainable Chemistry in the Supply Chain (Invited Presenters Only)
Session Organizers: Jennifer Y. Tanir, Founder, Toward Safer LLC; M. Barclay Satterfield, Eastman Innovation Center Leader, Eastman Chemical Company
One of the barriers to the implementation of sustainable chemistry is strong integration and acceptance throughout the supply chain. Despite many individual single-product or single-company successes, or a few advances in limited sectors’ supply chains, there is still a need for widespread agreement on sustainability goals and cooperation throughout supply chains. This 1-day workshop will focus on formulated household products and attempt to distill the learnings from individual successes into a plan for widespread adoption. The workshop will build on related conversations at the 2017 GC&E Conference and a Green Chemistry article by the ACS GCI Formulators’ Roundtable. The discussions will bring together the technical experts in formulated household products along with learnings from other sectors that can be applied, new ways of thinking, and students who can develop future solutions. The format will be interactive including invited talks as well as brainstorming and problem-solving sessions with the goal of developing a plan (and publication) to better incorporate sustainable chemistry in the supply chain. The workshop will explore: (1) How to drive change, with lessons from past successes; (2) Goals, barriers to achieving those goals, and consensus on what success looks like; (3) Developing a plan forward, including recommendations. The workshop is being organized in partnership with the ACS Committee on Environmental Improvement (CEI).
Chemistry in Water – Following Nature’s Lead (Invited Presenters Only)
Session Organizer: Wilfried Braje, Principal Scientist, AbbVie
This symposium features the development of new synthetic chemistry from both academic and industrial labs that document not only that waste creation can be minimized, but that by going green, “faster, better, cheaper” processes oftentimes can be anticipated.
Notwithstanding the extraordinary advances being made in synthetic organic chemistry and organometallic catalysis, in particular, the manner in which this discipline has been, and continues to be practiced is simply not sustainable. The enormous amounts of organic waste being generated, the investment of energy in the form of heating and cooling of reactions, and the consumption of endangered metal-catalysts at an ever-increasing rate have all become important considerations for a sustainable future. Fortunately, new technologies are starting to accrue suggesting that synthetic chemistry need no longer be done at the expense of the environment; that the same, useful processes can, in fact, be developed hand-in-hand with the principles of green chemistry.
Commercial Applications of Biobased Monomers for the Polymer Industries
Session Organizer: Sharon Papke, Head CAS NAFTA Advocacy and Business Support, Covestro, LLC
There has been a great deal of focus on biobased material development, and much of this focus has been by the biobased material providers describing their efforts in developing possible raw materials for commercial use. This session takes the biobased development to the next step, with presentations covering the actual use and incorporation of biobased materials in commercial applications. We seek papers that demonstrate manufacturers incorporation of biobased chemicals and materials, including the actual applications. This session would begin with presentations, followed by a panel discussion with a combination of biobased producers and industrial manufacturers discussing the next steps for developments and innovation. Questions we will address during the session include: What are the main drivers for biobased chemicals and polymers? What are the chemical or engineering challenges that need to be overcome to increase use of biobased materials? Are there particular applications where biobased material fit, and why? What does a collaboration model look like for biobased materials? What are the current chemical and process engineering challenges in furthering the use of biobased materials?
Continuous Processing – An Enabling Technology for Green Chemistry
Charles D. Papageorgiou, Associate Director, Takeda Pharmaceuticals
Continuous processing and flow chemistry are becoming increasingly common technologies used in the manufacture of active pharmaceutical ingredients. This symposium will focus on both chemistry and engineering solutions that have enabled process intensification, seamless scale-up as well as the development of environmentally friendly processes. Case studies will be presented from leading academics and industrialists highlighting the use of such technologies as well as the development of suitable manufacturing strategies.
Decision Science for Real-World Chemical Selection (Invited Presenters Only)
Session Organizers: Robert Giraud, Principle Consultant, The Chemours Company; Brett Howard, Director, American Chemistry Council; Tony Kingsbury, Founder and President, TKingsbury LLC
Users make chemical selection decisions every day. These users include research chemists choosing reagents and solvents for new syntheses, formulators making up new product mixtures, and consumers making purchasing decisions. What types of factors do they consider in selecting which chemicals to use? How do their needs and viewpoints affect their criteria for making these decisions? What techniques exist to help users achieve the best overall balance of outcomes? These are some of the key questions that need to be answered to translate the NRC’s Framework to Guide Selection of Chemical Alternatives into everyday chemical use decision-making. This symposium will focus on the application of decision science to making effective chemical use decisions. Learning outcomes include improved understanding by the green chemistry community about what’s achievable through the application of decision science to chemical selection.
Developing Products for a More Sustainable Future (Invited Presenters Only)
Session Organizers: Kristina M. Knesting, SC Johnson; Kaj Johnson, Method/Ecover
Formulating high performance consumer products using green chemistry approaches requires the development of innovative, effective constituents that possess reduced toxicity, the potential for ready degradability after use, no potential for bioaccumulation, and an overall increased sustainability profile. This session is intended to provide a forum to share case studies and success stories of how green chemistry approaches resulted in the commercialization of more sustainable ingredients used in formulated products.
A few of the ideas to be addressed include:
- Descriptions of raw material innovations and how these are formulated into products
- Compelling examples of creating value through innovation that enables you to bring sustainability performance along with it
- Examples of how trends in ingredient disclosure, e.g., P&G and Unilever fragrances, is driving product development
- Examples of how life cycle thinking can be used in product development to enhance positive benefits passed on to consumers
- Examples of how changing regulations in the EU and other countries chemicals legislation worldwide positively influences product formulation choices
Educational Initiatives in Sustainable Polymers and Materials
Session Organizers: Jane E. Wissinger, Professor, University of Minnesota; Michael T. Wentzel, Assistant Professor, Augsburg University
This symposium seeks to demonstrate how educators are engaging students in the classroom and laboratories by sharing new innovations in sustainable materials. Society’s dependence on plastics and other resilient fossil-fuel based materials, as well as their potentially negative impact on human health and the environment, is a topic that resonates with students of all levels. We are seeking abstracts which illustrate the use of green methodologies to prepare products which are: derived from renewable feedstocks; designed for degradation; reprocessed and/or recycled; or inherently safer. Of special interest are curriculum materials which meet the 2015 Committee on Professional Training Guidelines requirements to include synthetic polymers, biological macromolecules, supramolecular aggregates, meso-or nanoscale materials and simultaneously include green chemistry and engineering principles. The session is open to K-12, undergraduate, and graduate instruction as well are outreach initiatives. A goal of the symposium will be for each presenter to provide a live or videotaped demonstration of their projects to share with the audience.
Emerging Technologies to Enable Sustainable Organic Synthesis – Special Organic Chemistry Student Session
Session Organizer: David Leahy, Associate Director, Process Chemistry, Takeda Pharmaceuticals
The development of new synthetic methodologies and strategies has been the cornerstone upon which sustainable industrial processes are built. The pure research advances arising from academia fuel the world’s industrial innovation, while also training the scientific leaders of tomorrow. This special session highlights the research of graduate students and post-doctoral fellows across the broader organic chemistry community which has the potential to impact sustainable industrial chemistry. The ACS GCI Pharmaceutical Roundtable will provide 8 travel grants of up to $1000 to attend the conference and provide a 20 minute oral presentation during this session. A poster session will accommodate additional presenters. All presenters will be invited to attend the Student Conference Kick-off, and the ACS GCI 8th Annual Industrial Roundtable Poster reception during the conference.
Green Chemistry & Engineering Poster Session
Session Organizers: Julie Haack, Assistant Department Head and Senior Instructor, University of Oregon; Richard Blackburn, Associate Professor, University of Leeds
Abstracts submitted to the poster session must meet the following criteria:
• Meets the definition of green chemistry or green engineering
• Potential impact on the field
• Development of idea
• Conclusions supported by data
Green Chemistry & Engineering Product Showcase
Integrated into our popular GC&E Poster Session & Reception, the Showcase will feature companies who are using the design principles of green chemistry and engineering to create or contribute to innovative products. Participating companies will present a “hands-on” display of the product and describe the products greener technical innovations.
For your abstract to be considered for presentation the following must be included:
- Describe how the principles of green chemistry and green engineering were used in the creation of the product.
- Describe how the product improves the health, safety and/or environmental impact compared to existing products.
- Describe the scientific or process innovations that went into this product.
- Include a picture or link to your product. If you area B2B, please give an example of an end consumer product.
For more information, please see our Product Innovation Showcase Page.
Green Chemistry Innovations in the Classroom: Rapid Fire Session
Session Organizers: Jane E. Wissinger, Professor, University of Minnesota; Michael T. Wentzel, Assistant Professor, Augsburg University
This fast-paced and engaging symposium will provide educators of all levels with the opportunity to share their innovations in making green chemistry content in lecture, laboratory, and outreach an important topic in teaching chemistry. The interdisciplinary nature of green chemistry opens the door to illustrating how greener organic synthesis, inorganic/enzymatic catalysts, renewable/degradable polymers and materials, biotechnology, toxicology, and more can be used to inspire innovation in today’s students. Abstracts are welcome which share how instructors are integrating new green chemistry materials in their curriculum to prepare students for their future careers. The rapid-fire session format will allow presenters up to seven minutes to present the highlights of their work with three minutes for questions. Speakers must be willing to then participate in a panel discussion at the end of the session to create a forum for exchange of ideas and provide additional details according to the interest of the audience. More than one submission by an author will be allowed to in order to include a breadth of topics.
Green Chemistry: Environmental Justice to Social Equity
Session Organizers: Edward Brush, Professor, Bridgewater State University; Grace Lasker, Senior Lecturer, University of Washington Bothell
Green Chemistry is the science of making smart choices in how we design, make, use and dispose of chemicals and chemical products. Chemicals provide the function we demand in consumer products. However, chemists also need to be aware of the potential unintended consequences of chemicals on human health and the environment. Hazardous chemicals have disproportionately impacted children and adults in low income, minority neighborhoods, while the presence of naturally-occurring and human made chemicals effect access to clean air and water. This violates our definition of social and environmental justice where all people, regardless of race or economic status, have the right to live, work, play and learn in healthy, safe environments.
This symposium will build on the engaging and energetic discussions at the 2016 and 2017 GC&E conferences by expanding our current knowledge in defining, identifying and understanding these issues. This will be accomplished through contributed papers and workshop-style discussions aimed at: (1) sharing knowledge across disciplines and fields; (2) determining the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats; and (3) developing educational resources and research collaborations. We are also planning to offer a unique workshop-style discussion over dinner.
Green Design in the Pharmaceutical Industry: From Discovery to Commercial Processes
Session Organizer: Juan Colberg, Green Chemistry Program Leader and Senior Director, API Technology, Pfizer
The pharmaceutical industry is under continuous pressure to discover, develop and commercialize new life-saving drugs for patients, mostly under accelerated timelines. In addition, customers and stakeholders are demanding more and more the use of greener and environmentally sustainable processes to manufacture these products. These two approaches are not opposed to each other but very much aligned, and Green Chemistry is a venue to connect both.
This Symposium will feature speakers who are active in developing and using novel green technologies across all stages of drug discovery and development to help achieve these to important goals. Presenters will include researchers from both, academia and industry.
Greener Peptide and Oligonucleotide Syntheses
Session Organizer: Michael E. Kopach, Research Advisor, Eli Lilly and Company
Peptide and Oligonucleotide products are an area of significant growth within the biopharma industry. However, the current state of the art in peptide and oligonucleotide syntheses utilize primarily legacy technologies, with little focus on green chemistry and engineering. Waste generated from current peptide and oligonucleotide processes ranges from 3,000-15,000 kg/kg API (10-50 mer products) with multiple usages of highly hazardous reagents and solvents. Contributing to the poor environmental profile is the pervasive and extensive use of chromatography to produce peptide and oligonucleotide products with required quality attributes. This session will explore how improved synthetic methodologies, safer coupling reagents, solvent selection, and minimization of chromatography play a vital role in improving the green chemistry profile for peptide and oligonucleotide processes.
Industrial Applications of Green Chemistry & Engineering Principles
Session Organizer: Samy Ponnusamy, Fellow, Green Chemistry, MilliporeSigma
This session will highlight industry innovations based on green chemistry and engineering principles, focusing on the development and design process. Case studies will be presented to illustrate how companies in different sectors have successfully implemented green chemistry and engineering principles into their processes. These examples will describe the design and development process, the challenges faced, and how these barriers were overcome. Additionally, this session will discuss the important collaborations along the value chain and with the academic community. From the session, attendees should be able to understand at a high level how industry develops products and processes, and the many factors that contribute to the launch and commercialization of new green technologies. Presenters will be from industry and academia in order to share the valuable insights of a diverse group on the challenges and opportunities in bringing sustainable chemistries and processes to market.
Innovation for Bio-based and Renewable Chemicals (Invited Presenters Only)
Session Organizer: David J. C. Constable, Science Director, ACS Green Chemistry Institute®; Amit Sehgal, Solvay
This symposium will create a dialog about molecules that have been targeted for further market development. At issue is the development of bio-based and renewable chemicals of known and significant EHS hazards (i.e., butadiene, isoprene, p-xylene) vs. the development of bio-based and renewable chemicals with significantly better EHS hazard profiles. Some of the areas to be discussed include:
- Compelling examples of creating value through innovation that enables you to bring sustainability performance along with it.
- Examples of how life cycle thinking can be used in chemical development to enhance positive benefits passed on to businesses and consumers.
- Where is the bio-refinery in terms of its development/delivery?
- Implications of using oxygenated molecules as are routinely found in nature as building blocks vs. the use of reduced molecules
Innovative Chemistry and Process Development for Sustainable Small Molecule Manufacturing (Invited Presenters Only)
Session Organizer: Kevin Maloney, Director, Process Chemistry, Merck
In the past two decades, Green Chemistry has challenged chemists to consider environmental impacts in developing synthetic methodologies and designing manufacturing processes. Despite these efforts, the pharmaceutical industry is among the largest waste producing sectors in all chemical industries, partly due to its typical requirements of multi-step synthesis and stringent regulatory quality standards. While efficient, concise, and convergent synthetic routes to complex molecules are essential for their sustainable production; of equal importance is the efficiency of individual processes that comprise each step along the synthetic route. Therefore, innovative chemistry and process development are instrumental in the design and development of green and sustainable small molecule manufacturing processes. This session will explore how innovative synthetic methodologies, prediction tools, high throughput experimentation, catalysis, solvent selection, recycling, and minimization of unit operations play a vital role in developing a green and sustainable process.
Providing Guidance for a Wide Distribution and Implementation of Green Chemistry to Developing Countries and Economies in Transition (Invited Presenters Only)
Session Organizers: Paul Anastas, Yale University, Center for Green Chemistry & Green Engineering; Karolina Mellor, Yale University, Center for Green Chemistry & Green Engineering; Philip Coish, Yale University, Center for Green Chemistry & Green Engineering
Sustainable design has touched virtually all sectors of society and industry ranging from agriculture to energy to building materials to pharmaceuticals and personal care products and cleaners. Unfortunately, these accomplishments have taken place largely in the industrialized nations of the world. There are only nascent efforts to advance Green Chemistry in a small number of developing and transitioning countries and the lack of awareness of the mechanisms to ensure a broad-based adoption of Green Chemistry is evident. The Center for Green Chemistry & Engineering at Yale has entered into a 3-year collaboration with United Nations Industrial Development Organization [UNIDO] to raise awareness on Green Chemistry and build capacity on approaches to reduce the generation and use of hazardous chemicals throughout the industrial life cycle in developing countries. This session will allow workshop participants to learn about the Yale-UNIDO initiative, and critically, engage in a discussion of the approaches and strategies of the Yale-UNIDO initiative for the dissemination of the Principles of Green Chemistry to a wide range of stakeholders who wish to pursue sustainable development within their countries. In addition, the workshop will provide participants with an opportunity to discuss and debate ideas on how to implement green chemistry in developing and transitioning countries, and will hopefully inspire participants to engage in the global dissemination of green chemistry principles in an effort to create economic, environmental, and societal benefits. Finally, the session will also engage students by presenting an award for the best video which will be used for green chemistry dissemination purposes.
Real-World Sustainability Challenges: Incentives and Barriers to the Use of Green Chemistry in Products
Session Organizers: Anthony Noce, Vice President, EHS Management Systems, Tetra Tech; Lauren Heine, Ph.D., Executive Director, Northwest Green Chemistry
Many chemists are inspired to use their skills to address real world challenges to human health and sustainability. To work on basic and/or applied research challenges that are linked to such challenges is very different from bringing products to the marketplace that actually become sufficiently successful to provide the desired benefits. The benefits may be novel or they may be designed to replace other products because of their impacts on natural resources, due to the generation or use of toxic substances, or because they generate poorly managed waste in a linear “take, make, waste” system of industrial production.
In this session, we will explore both the drivers and barriers for new green chemistry and engineering technology development in products, as well as strategies to enhance the drivers while overcoming the barriers. Drivers are diverse and may or may not be in alignment. Examples include environmentally preferable procurement, regulation, research support, scale up support, voluntary supply chain initiatives, technical standards and/or ecolabels, awards and prizes, preferential government purchasing, and so much more. In contrast, there are many obstacles, including lack of funding, lack of access to entrepreneurial or business expertise, limited market awareness, entrenched products with dominant market share, procurement experts with limited understanding of alternative technologies, standards that prefer older technologies driving incremental improvements rather than real innovation, regulatory requirements, lack of access to scale up resources, cultural inertia, and more.
Separations Innovation for Sustainable Products (Invited Presenters Only)
Session Organizers: Robert Giraud, Director, The Chemours Company; Vince Shen, Chemical Engineer, National Institute of Standards and Technology; Dave Sullivan, Senior Scientist, Kraton Chemical, LLC
Using greener chemistries requires greener chemical processes. At the heart of virtually every chemical process is a chemical separation. These separations account for over 40% of the energy consumption and over 50% of the capital investment of chemical processes because they almost exclusively rely on today’s energy-intensive approaches such as distillation. Emerging mass separating agent (MSA)-based approaches offer the ability to perform the same separations for a fraction of the energy consumed by distillation. However, despite offering significant improvement in environmental performance (especially carbon footprint), application of membranes and adsorbents for chemical separations faces a number of innovation challenges. Sustainable products depend on sustainable processes, and sustainable processes depend on sustainable separations. Simply put, product innovation using greener chemistries necessitates innovation in separations technology. Nowhere is there more true than in organic chemical separations from dilute aqueous solution required to produce the bio-based platform molecules of the future, chemicals production via organic reactions in water, and home and personal care products requiring impurity removal.
The session will concentrate on the main ALTSEP-identified R&D needs to drive discussion toward a deeper understanding across the range of relevant disciplines of the research required to meet these needs.
Supplanting Petroleum with Renewable Carbon
Session Organizer: Andrew Sutton, Team Leader – Chemical Energy Storage, Los Alamos National Laboratory
In attempts to “replace the whole barrel” and drastically reduce our petroleum dependency, it’s important to consider what a barrel of oil is used for. In the US, 76 % is used to make fuel and 16 % is used for chemicals, but with both markets having similar economic value a typical initial focus is the small volume, higher profit chemicals market. However, in order to have the most effect on environmental impacts (such as reducing CO¬2 emissions), the larger fuel market must not be neglected as a long-term focus. In order to develop technology that is truly sustainable, evaluation using both techno-economic analysis (TEA) and life-cycle analysis (LCA) are key to understanding the overall impact. This session will highlight new advances and technology involved in replacing petroleum with renewable carbon sources in the context of TEA and LCA.
Towards Safer Design Strategies: Using Toxicology Tools and Concepts within Chemistry Courses and Programs
Session Organizers: Amy Cannon, Ph.D., Beyond Benign; Dalila Kovacs, Ph.D., Grand Valley State University; Pamela Spencer, Ph.D., Angus Chemical; Saskia van Bergen, Washington State Department of Ecology
Toxicology tools and concepts are essential in chemistry courses and programs to develop an understanding of toxicological principles and chemical safety that are traditionally absent from the chemistry curriculum. These concepts are also important in the design of chemical products and processes that have reduced health and environmental hazards. Toxicology can enable scientists to better predict hazards at the molecular level, therefore avoiding the use and generation of hazardous chemicals. Today, there is a movement towards teaching toxicology concepts to chemistry students and professionals in order to better prepare scientists with the skills to design products and processes with reduced hazards.
This symposium will feature: 1) professional toxicologists and chemists who actively use toxicology tools in their practical design of safer chemical products and processes, and 2) faculty members who have adopted toxicology concepts and practices within their chemistry courses and programs. Symposium speakers will provide short lectures on their area of expertise and demonstrate with tools they use in their daily practice, and share curriculum models.
Transforming Consumer and Industrial Products by Material and Chemical Innovations
Session Organizers: John Frazier, Senior Technical Director, Hohenstein Institute of America; Scott Echols, Scott Echols Group, LLC; Robert Buck, Technical Fellow on Sustainability, The Chemours Company
Material and chemical manufacturers are redefining what they make, how they make it and how their inputs impact the processes and footprint for creating consumer and industrial products. Greener, more sustainable materials, chemistry and engineering are widely embraced as the way to create and deliver high performance products, minimize environmental impacts and advance circular life cycles. In this session, material, chemical and process innovations transforming consumer and industrial products will be presented. Papers describing research efforts and commercial successes in products such as apparel and footwear as well as in the automotive, home furnishings, and electronics accessories sectors are requested.